The Italian doctor (anonymous resource) announced with what drugs Italian medical workers are trying to treat patients for coronavirus. “Now we are interested in which drugs will give the best results. In Italy, patients are treated with Lopinavir/Ritonavir in combination with Chloroquine (Aralen). Aralen is intended for malaria treatment and prevention.
Another drug that seems to work is Remdesivir, intended for patients with ebola. Some doctors in southern Italy in Naples use Tocilizumab, which also seems to work. This is a protein that stops the action of interleukin. It is intended to prevent arthritis, but it also seems to work.
In particular, Lopinavir/Ritonavir is a combination of antiviral drugs, which is primarily used to treat infections caused by HIV-1 and HIV-2 as part of combination therapy.
Aralen is used to prevent and treat all types of malaria, as well as extraintestinal amoebiasis, chronic and subacute forms of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and photodermatosis. Aralen may be one of the means to take coronavirus under control.
Remdesivir was developed as a remedy for Ebola, but later it began to be used as an antiviral drug for other diseases. It is produced by the American biotechnological company Gilead Sciences, prices start at about $75.
Tocilizumab, also known as Atlizumab, is an immunosuppressive drug that is mainly used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis, a severe form of arthritis in children.
Keep in mind that now specific vaccines and drugs for coronavirus have not yet been developed. But The first clinical trials of a coronavirus vaccine began in the United States already. Specialists at the Kaiser Permanente Washington Research Institute, Seattle have given experimental vaccinations to 4 volunteers.
The vaccine contains a safe genetic code taken from the virus that cannot infect humans with Covid-19. According to experts, it will take several months to find out how effective this and other vaccines are. The first person to get vaccinated was Jennifer Holler, a 43-year-old Seattle resident. Scientists around the world are closely monitoring this study.
Clinical trials funded by the National Institute of Health are conducted directly in humans, skipping the animal testing drug phase. This is usually done to make sure that the vaccine activates the immune system.
Moderna Therapeutics vaccine manufacturer said the drug was created using an already well-established processes.